The National Policy on Education – 1986 envisaged setting up of residential schools, to be called Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas that would bring out the best rural talent.
It was felt that children with special talent or aptitude should be provided opportunities to progress at a faster pace by making good quality education available to them irrespective of their capacity to pay for it. Such education would enable students from rural areas to compete with their urban counterparts on an equal footing.
The Navodaya Vidyalaya System which began as a unique experiment, is today unparalleled in the annals of school education in India and elsewhere. Its signification lies in the selection of talent rural children as the target group and the attempt to provide them with quality education comparable to the best in a residential school system.
Objectives of Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti
To establish, endow, maintain, control and manage schools (hereinafter called the “Navodaya Vidyalaya”) and to do all acts and things necessary for or conductive to the promotion of such schools which will have the following objectives:
- To provide good quality modern education including a strong component of culture inculcation of values, awareness of the environment, adventure activities and physical education to the talented children predominantly from the rural areas without regard to their family’s socio-economic condition
- To provide facilities, at a suitable stage, for instruction through a common medium, viz,. Hindi and English. All over the country.
- Offer a common core-curriculum of ensuring comparability in standards and to facilitate and understanding of the common and composite heritage of our people.
- To progressively bring students from one part of the country to another in each school to promote national integration and enrich the social content.
- To serve as a focal point for improvement in quality of school education through training of teachers in live situation and sharing of experience and facilities.
To establish, develop, maintain and manage Hostels for the residence of students of Navodaya Vidyalayas.
To aid, establish and conduct other institutions as may be required for the furtherance of the Society’s objects in any part of India
To do all such things as may be considered necessary, incidental or conductive to the attainment of all or any of the objects of the Society.
Silent Features of Navodaya Vidyalayas
Navodaya Vidyalaya draw their student strength from talented children, selected on the basis of a merit test, called the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Selection Test, designed, developed and conducted initially by NCERT and now by the CBSE. The test is held annually on All India basis and at block and district levels. It is objective, class neutral and is so designed as to ensure that rural children are not at a disadvantage.
Admission in Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas is primarily for children from the rural areas, with provision of at least 75% seats for rural children. Seats are reserved for children from SC and ST communities in proportion to their population in the district but not less than the national average. 1/3 of the seats are filled by girl students. 3% of the seats are for disabled children.
Navodaya Vidyalayas are affiliated to CBSE and offer free education to talented children from Class-VI to XII. Entry to a Navodaya Vidyalaya is made in Class-VI with lateral entry in Class- IX & XI. Each Navodaya Vidyalaya is a co-educational residential institution providing free boarding and lodging, expenses on uniforms, text books, and stationery, to and fro rail and bus fare to students. However, a nominal fee @ Rs. 200/- per month is charged from students of Class- IX to XII as Vidyalaya Vikas Nidhi. The students belonging to SC, ST categories, girls, disabled students and children of the families Below Poverty Line (BPL) are exempted from payment of this fee.
The Scheme of Navodaya Vidyalayas provides for implementation of the Three Language Formula. The third language taught in Hindi speaking districts is linked with the migration of students. All Navodaya Vidyalayas follow the Three Language Formula i.e. Regional language, English and Hindi.
The medium of instruction will be mother-tongue/regional language up to VII or VIII Class. Thereafter the common medium would be Hindi/English in all Navodaya Vidyalayas.
Navodaya Vidyalayas aim at inculcating values of national integration through migration scheme. Migration is an inter-regional exchange of students between Hindi and Non-Hindi speaking districts, which takes place for one academic year in Class-IX. Efforts are made to promote better understanding of the unity in diversity and cultural heritage through various activities.
Navodaya Vidyalayas are located in rural areas across the country. The State Govt. has to offer cost free land and rent free temporary buildings for the setting up of a Navodaya Vidyalaya.